That Gap Between Thoughts

jtotheizzoe:

pythox:

Vrolik Museum, Amsterdam

Bones, glorious bones. Looks like a cool place.

*Googles “Vrolik Museum photos”*

WHOA, WHAT THE FORMALDEHYDE IS THIS?!

The Vrolik Museum is dedicated primarily to human and animal anatomical mutants. It features preserved embryos, deformed skeletons and various other odd accoutrements. You’d be forgiven if it gives you the willies.

Before the 20th century, anatomical collections like this were one of medicine’s most valuable research tools. Before we understood genes and DNA, doctors had to look upon mutants and cadavers, dissecting and studying them to discover the medical basis of their malformations.

With the development of modern molecular science, imagine what secrets are held among the deformed DNA within these cases! 

Take a photo tour of the Vrolik Museum here, although it’s not for the faint of heart.

terrasigillata:

keriarentikai:

hungrylikethewolfie:

dduane:


A loaf of bread made in the first century AD, which was discovered at Pompeii, preserved for centuries in the volcanic ashes of Mount Vesuvius. The markings visible on the top are made from a Roman bread stamp, which bakeries were required to use in order to mark the source of the loaves, and to prevent fraud. (via Ridiculously Interesting)

(sigh) I’ve seen these before, but this one’s particularly beautiful.

I feel like I’m supposed to be marveling over the fact that this is a loaf of bread that’s been preserved for thousands of years, and don’t get me wrong, that’s hella cool.  But honestly, I’m mostly struck by the unexpected news that “bread fraud” was apparently once a serious concern.

After a super-quick search, I found at least one reference to the practice.  It sounds like we’re not entirely sure what the stamp was for - my guess was that it was part of the regulation of weights and measures in the market, but economic history is about as far from my specialty as it gets. (So yeah, I too was thinking BREAD FRAUD.  There actually WAS an elected office to deal with marketplace fraud, which totally happened.)
From Claire Holleran’s Shopping in Ancient Rome: The Retail Trade in the Late Republic and the Principate: “The practice of stamping bread with names, known from the discovery of bread stamps and carbonized loaves at Pompeii and Herculaneum, is perhaps indicative of the practice of hiring space in bakers’ ovens, with the stamps intended to denote ownership of the bread.” (The argument being that many people would not have had the means to own/run ovens of their own and so they rented space in communal ovens.)

Oooh I am just cringing imagining what bread fraud could entail. No, really. I’m sure I read something somewhere about bakers ‘diluting’ flour with other substances that were not so nice… hm… can’t see to remember what period or region that was in reference to, though. Although, I mean, how does a stamp guarantee the flour wasn’t compromised? Unless it’s sort of like those Green Pass things at restaurants we have today LOL!

terrasigillata:

keriarentikai:

hungrylikethewolfie:

dduane:

A loaf of bread made in the first century AD, which was discovered at Pompeii, preserved for centuries in the volcanic ashes of Mount Vesuvius. The markings visible on the top are made from a Roman bread stamp, which bakeries were required to use in order to mark the source of the loaves, and to prevent fraud. (via Ridiculously Interesting)

(sigh) I’ve seen these before, but this one’s particularly beautiful.

I feel like I’m supposed to be marveling over the fact that this is a loaf of bread that’s been preserved for thousands of years, and don’t get me wrong, that’s hella cool.  But honestly, I’m mostly struck by the unexpected news that “bread fraud” was apparently once a serious concern.

After a super-quick search, I found at least one reference to the practice.  It sounds like we’re not entirely sure what the stamp was for - my guess was that it was part of the regulation of weights and measures in the market, but economic history is about as far from my specialty as it gets. (So yeah, I too was thinking BREAD FRAUD.  There actually WAS an elected office to deal with marketplace fraud, which totally happened.)

From Claire Holleran’s Shopping in Ancient Rome: The Retail Trade in the Late Republic and the Principate: “The practice of stamping bread with names, known from the discovery of bread stamps and carbonized loaves at Pompeii and Herculaneum, is perhaps indicative of the practice of hiring space in bakers’ ovens, with the stamps intended to denote ownership of the bread.” (The argument being that many people would not have had the means to own/run ovens of their own and so they rented space in communal ovens.)

Oooh I am just cringing imagining what bread fraud could entail. No, really. I’m sure I read something somewhere about bakers ‘diluting’ flour with other substances that were not so nice… hm… can’t see to remember what period or region that was in reference to, though. Although, I mean, how does a stamp guarantee the flour wasn’t compromised? Unless it’s sort of like those Green Pass things at restaurants we have today LOL!

(Source: wine-loving-vagabond, via historythings)

chasing-yesterdays:

Skull from Ciapas, Mexico, bearing teeth adorned with gems.

Ancient peoples of southern North America went to “dentists”—among the earliest known—to beautify their chompers with notches, grooves, and semiprecious gems, according to a recent analysis of thousands of teeth examined from collections in Mexico’s National Institute of Anthropology and History.

Most of the gem-encrusted teeth were from individuals who lived before the year 1500 and who came from all walks of life—this was not a trend for the elite alone.
Source: National Geographic

chasing-yesterdays:

Skull from Ciapas, Mexico, bearing teeth adorned with gems.

Ancient peoples of southern North America went to “dentists”—among the earliest known—to beautify their chompers with notches, grooves, and semiprecious gems, according to a recent analysis of thousands of teeth examined from collections in Mexico’s National Institute of Anthropology and History.

Most of the gem-encrusted teeth were from individuals who lived before the year 1500 and who came from all walks of life—this was not a trend for the elite alone.

Source: National Geographic

(via collectivehistory-deactivated20)

The Metamorphosis Audiobook by Franz Kafka (by CCProse)